INFLUENCE WITHOUT AUTHORITY, According to the dictionary, influence is the power to affect, control or manipulate something or someone; it can also be defined as an action exerted by a person or thing with such passion on another to cause change. Authority, on the other hand, is the power to enforce rules or give orders. There is still a famous saying that management or a position of power brings out the real you. What does that mean?
A part of authority is a position that has a lot of influence on things within their area of significance. This means that happiness, willpower, and the people’s enjoyment under the effect of this authority depend on who is in charge. Most people complain about bad governance because whoever is in the power room at a particular period determines the level of their joy.
In a family, for instance, where the parents serve as the leading authority in the home or at a school where heads of departments lead some departments or a principal leading a college. Influencing without power is a significant ability for leaders. It requires lots of leadership qualities, management skills, and most importantly, communication skills.
It is essential to put in action the three rates mentioned above because lacking in one will mean lacking in all. The main thought of leaders and aspiring leaders is to attain respect and achieve their required objectives, while in the real sense, leadership requires you to lead people to glory and not work them off to achieving things.
Someone might want to ask if it is possible to lead without authority. This is very simple, a leader, unlike a boss, gets people to follow them, their goals, and instructions of their own volition rather than just obeying and following you simply because you are their boss. Influencing without exerting authority involves convincing the people in the circle of your influence by selling your ideas to them in a compelling way that would get them to follow your lead.
Here comes the exciting part. You don’t have to be appointed a leader before you lead. This is a practical example. If you put about ten kids of similar or different backgrounds of the same age bracket in a small place, in no time, a leader will emerge among them.
It doesn’t necessarily have to be them appointing the person, but the others will feel this person has got the leadership skills and has gotten something the rest of us don’t have. Erica Hersk said, and I quote, “Being confident and speaking from a place of strength will go a long way in convincing others to follow you, whether or not you have direct authority over them.”
There are possible ways of influencing people around you even without being a leader or an appointed boss over them. This is simply by displaying some qualities which have to do with leadership and maturity when dealing with people, colleagues, and situations that may arise.
How Can You Influence Without Authority?
Having a good and strong reputation:
A good reputation earns you a lot of respect, whether you are a leader or not. A reputation is what you are known for. This is what you make over the years through your relationships with people. This is what people say about you. There might be times when you went the extra mile to help out a colleague or times where you displayed your doggedness in fighting for your rights in general.
Always try to understand and adapt to other people’s way of life:
This is one of the essential things that makes a group of people stick together and work together to achieve a particular goal. We don’t share the same background with people around us, so compatibility is needed to achieve a general plan. One of the things that will distinguish you from the rest of your team members is your ability to tolerate and accept other people’s way of life.
Develop team spirit:
Developing team spirit will help you in the long run. Portraying that kind of confidence is done by helping others in need, being diligent in your tasks, and taking the whole team’s results as an individual result even if it’s good or bad.
There is a famous saying that diligence is the soul of business. To influence and challenge others, you have to be diligent in your work.
Be a good role model:
How can you influence people when you are a terrible role model? Respect is earned, not forcefully given. You have to be a good role model for the rest of the team to see and follow your lead.
Be a motivator:
during difficult times when most team members are down, they need a leader who sees the light at the end of the tunnel. Motivating them can make them want to push themselves to achieve success.
Reach your goals and objectives:
Failure can be a little devastating for the team members, so always strive to reach your goals. Success is an encouragement on its own. Do not settle for less.
How Can You Improve Yourself As A Person Of Influence
- Improve yourself: What could distinguish you from people of the same discipline is you developing yourself. Achieving some level of expertise will give you an edge over your colleagues.
- Gather relevant information: The most powerful tool you can use to achieve your goal and lead with influence is gathering the right information. Knowledge gives you an edge in such that you will not be stranded like others whenever you hit an obstacle along the road.
- Improve your bad characteristics: There might be some bad characteristics that we display unconsciously that could be a little stain on our white garment. The more we try to eliminate these toxic characteristics, the more it will help us become better.
You do not have to be in a position of power before you can lead; you can do that while you are your usual self. Gaining influence might take time, but in the long run, it is going to be noticed.
Roles of the Leadership: A leader is someone who looks for changes in their surroundings and the people around them. They look for their personal benefit and prioritize other people’s success and notice a positive change in them. Most people trust their leader because a leader always wants the collective success and betterment of everyone.
Leaders do not do one thing at a time. They have several things going on in their mind and multiple ventures, in which they participate each day. For this purpose, they have a lot of roles to fulfill. The kind of leader depends on how successfully they fulfill the several roles they have to play every day.
Roles of the leadership have to play for positive leadership
Here are some Roles of the Leadership has to play for positive leadership:
1. Collection of ideas for positive leadership:
An essential thing a leader does is take ideas from their teammates or the people they are working with. Being a leader does not mean that you will provide all the instructions and tell others exactly how things must be done. Rather, it would help if you collectively discussed how a task must be completed, with your ideas and opinions being equally important to others. This is the major difference between a leader and a boss. It would be best if you allowed the possibility of your subordinate’s ideas being better and more effective than yours.
2. Making quick decisions:
This is a significant role that many people overlook when discussing leadership roles. There are many instances when things do not go as planned. Sometimes while doing a task, there are more failures and disasters than successes. In such times, a leader’s job is to stay cool, ensure that their team does not break down under pressure, make quick decisions, and find quick solutions. People also pick a leader for their ability not to lose their cool in times of pressure.
3. Making things easy for others:
After a task has been started, you must be a facilitator to your subordinates. It would help if you made sure that difficult tasks seem easy for less experienced people than you. Making things easier for others will increase the rate of productivity in your workspace. Hence, your subordinates will have faith in you, and more importantly, their self-confidence would increase.
4. Looking for change:
The term “leader” means a person who wants to see a change around them and a person who is willing to work for that change. when working on any project, you must analyze how it is going to contribute to the change you want to make. This is the correct way of executing your vision. Your ultimate goal must be to see the change in people’s thinking or develop the project you are working on.
5. Knowing how to work in a team:
No matter how strong you are, you cannot handle and do everything yourself. It would be best if you had a team and know how to work in a team. The first and foremost thing is that you must trust your teammates. Their opinion is equally important. Everyone has an equal role and a right to speak. In a team, you must work collectively.
Because if one person is inefficient or does not agree, the whole team is at the risk of failing. A leader must also learn that sometimes, your teammates might be coming up with better ideas or doing something better than you. There, it would help if you stepped back to let others take the lead. This will be better for the team as they will build self-worth and confidence. They will also know how to take accountability for their mistakes.
6. Taking responsibility and accountability for mistakes:
If you encounter a failure, you must have the courage to overcome the mistake and move forward. You cannot blame others for the failure, even if they have made a mistake because you were responsible for delegating the task. In the case of a failure, you also must have the ability to pick up your team and come back stronger than before.
Nobody’s perfect. Everyone must learn whenever they get a chance to. And a person learns best when he or she is down and while experiencing a failure. When a leader experiences a failure, rather than thinking it over, they must tackle it with a positive attitude, learn from their or the team’s mistakes and make sure that they do not repeat it.
8. Influence others:
This role is also crucial if you want to succeed as a leader. You must have the ability to motivate others and influence others to believe that together they can reach their desired destination. Your speeches must be inspiring so that the team believes in you, but more importantly, they believe in themselves to know that they are capable of doing anything. It would help if you made people believe you can inspire a positive change in them.
9. Delegate tasks efficiently :
Task delegation is one of the most difficult duties you have as a leader. Therefore, the leader must be efficient and quick to judge his or her subordinates. They cannot do everything by themselves, so they have to assign small tasks to others. They must choose the correct people for each task. If a correct person is not chosen for the specific task, it could lead to a disaster. Therefore, you must take matters into your own hands sometimes.
10. Thinking ahead:
A leader must consider the people or company leading as a long-term placement and not just a temporary fix. You must perform your duties in a way that will positively influence the company and your subordinates, so the future is secure. Most importantly, you also have to prepare the people you are working with and change them so that they have a positive influence in the future.
This list highlights some of the roles of a leader. A leader’s success is not usually measured by how financially the company is benefitting, but by how successful the leader is in taking these roles.
Universal intellectual standards are the standardized acceptable criteria where the reasoning power and effective thought process is gauged, respectively. These values and principles are widely accepted in the criteria of effective reasoning, communication, and decision-making processes.
The quality of one’s decision-making process in times of catastrophic events and problems is evaluated by evaluating the presence of those principles. A good thinker has the quality of communicating and resolving issues through the qualities of precision, accuracy, clarity, relevance, and logic. Without these qualities, the decision-making stamina remains shaky and unstable. Thus, acceptable universal intellectual standards have been enunciated to be present in effective communication and thought processes.
Mandatory Acceptable universal intellectual standards:
While claiming acceptable universal intellectual standards, we claim eventual fruitful effects on daily life’s intellectual reasoning process. These standards play a formidable and crucial role in the human reasoning process. Those principles and traits are listed in the following step by step:
To refer to clarity in reasoning, it clues the clear delivery of a message without the presence of ambiguity and opacity. There must be no confusion in the delivery of the message. The confusion will eventually give birth to a mishap in communication, respectively. Clarity is the initial entryway to the adoption and inculcation of universal intellectual standards.
Without clarity in messages, other intellectual traits will remain intact from the state of adoption and inculcation. A well profound person will effectively translate his/her thoughts with the utmost clarity. Thus, clarity in conveying messages verbally and non-verbally is the essential gateway of universal intellectual standards for effective communication.
Accuracy refers to the omission of mistakes, errors, and misconceptions when delivering a message. A message can be clear, but it can still be an inaccurate guess. The universal intellectual standards model makes it mandatory for the communicator to deliver and communicate accurate information in their statement verbally and non-verbally.
The floating of ideas and thoughts in the thinking process could be accurate and inaccurate. One must make sure of the accuracy of their assumptions before delivering them to the other person. A profound and deep thinker always tries to assess the message’s accuracy before forwarding it to the next person. The statements’ accuracy is one of the most crucial universal intellectual standards that should be assessed and scrutinized.
Precision refers to opting for a short and concise message rather than detailing the universal intellectual standards’ message. A message must be precise, understandable, and concise. The message’s unnecessary details must be omitted to remove the unnecessary and deviating factors in the message. There are people in our contact, who deliver accurate and clear messages, but they lack the quality of presenting it shortly and concisely.
For example, saying, “Winston is overweight” is clear and accurate and lacks precise details like his exact weight. The thinking process could be more/less precise, but those ideas’ translation must be precise enough to make it understandable. It is one of the necessary universal intellectual standards amongst other principles.
The process of resolving an issue in the immediate response requires relevance as an input to mend up the issue. Among other universal intellectual standards, relevance is the necessary principle that ought to be invested in finding solutions to the existing problem. This requires enough effort to gauge the required potential solutions and step up to resolve the issue.
A statement can be precise, accurate, and clear, but it can also be irrelevant to the problem. For example, while solving a case study, a student in the examination hall can express the answers precisely, clearly, and accurately. But still, it can be irrelevant to the topic at hand. Thus, relevance is an important universal intellectual standard that has to be kept in mind.
The in-depth evaluation of the problem through an effective thinking process is one of the most mandatory universal intellectual standards. A solution to the problem can possess all the previous factors but would be deprived of in-depth evaluation. There must be insightful and profound solutions when tackling problems. This can only be met through encountering and considering multiple viable options with in-depth knowledge.
Logic is an essential trait that needs to be present when expressing your thoughts. Logic relates your initial starring point with the eventual endpoint of discussion in communication. It is one of the most crucial principles amongst other universal intellectual standards. This principle plays a role in creating purpose and meaning in your thinking process.
When relying upon one’s own thoughts and ideas, you need to be open-minded towards other points of view. Before embarking on or lying upon one’s own ideas, one has to evaluate others’ perspectives on resolving the issue. It helps broaden the quality of other universal intellectual standards.
Fairness is one of the precious and valuable universal intellectual standards.
It refers to being accountable to search for factual justifications to one’s thought process. It is a way to gauge the fairness and justifiable quality of one’s ideas and thoughts for the existing problem. This opens a room for hearing others’ opinions to omit mistakes out of outlined resolutions.
Last but not least, among other universal intellectual standards is the quality of significance. When finding solutions to problems, it’s essential to evaluate their significance before considering them as an option.
In a nutshell, universal intellectual standards help give a profound shape to one’s ideas, thoughts, reasoning, communication, and discussion. It helps accelerate the quality of resolving problems. It makes a person solution-oriented. The translation and articulation of thoughts into expressions become easier with the adoption of these universal intellectual standards.
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Business strategy | Interview with Debbie Mous
Innovation leader, specialised in new business strategy and customer centric innovation, with an outside-in mindset and broad experience in developing value propositions and (digital) products and services for sustainability in energy. Creative initiator and strong communicator who leads projects and multidisciplinary teams with a good eye for people.
Expertise: Project Management, People Management, Marketing Strategy, Value Proposition Design, Business Model Innovation, Bto(Bto)C, Customer Insights, User Experience, Product Ownership, Chairmanship, Workshop Facilitation, Lean Startup, Scrum, Design Thinking, Corporate Startups, Digital Applications.
Strong network in the energy transition; from startups and NGO’s to large corporates (e.g. energy cooperatives, solar panel suppliers, energy suppliers, municipalities, grid operators, installers, online energy advice platforms).
Cost leadership strategy is often marked as an essential lower-cost strategy in the manufacturing industry. The main focus of this strategy lies in achieving the pricing and not with leadership. Furthermore, a particular cost leader tends to gain a high-end competitive advantage compared with low-cost and other organizations. The cost leadership strategy can be achieved by underpricing the competitors and reaching a prominent market share to earn a more significant profit after selling the shares at competitive market rates.
Benefits of Cost Leadership Strategies:
There are many benefits of cost leadership strategies. This is a great gain for a company as low cost is evident in bringing an organization above-average returns from competitive businesses. It is hard to beat organizations based upon the cost needed.
The cost leadership strategy is also used to force the high-end market to lower their rates. Furthermore, the cost leadership strategy will handle cost increases in market value. Finally, a cost leadership strategy is the most vibrant strategy as it allows the company to be in a higher position against its competitors.
Types of Cost Leadership Strategies
Porter’s strategies provide a great way to gain an advantage as they aid in developing a particular brand’s sales and market value. Cost leadership strategy helps in maintaining the organization and eliminating its competitors in the market. However, to achieve this strategy, there are two main ways to develop and execute a Cost leadership strategy:
-Charging usual average industry prices, but increasing profits by decreasing costs.
– Second, to increase market value by decreasing overall prices and making profits on every sale after the cost reduction.
Methods to achieve Cost leadership Strategies.
Cost leadership strategy is a fundamental principle strategy that states the number of production per unit. If there are more units, the unitary cost will decrease. However, it resists production and sale by having a show of high synchronization. Successful cost leadership strategies allow the company to generate more revenue and sell more units and at a lower margin rate.
The below-mentioned specific cost leadership strategies are highlighted, enabling an organization to gain the upper hand and establish its success rates.
Economies of scale:
This is known to decrease production costs by implementing efficient output. In this theory, the organization’s main impact is that of an organization’s size as the lower its value, the more it’s extensive.
Advantages of size:
This idea solely depends upon the money given to suppliers, as this exhibits increasing the extraction of notable deals in the market. This shows the importance of increased purchasing power.
This method highlights increasing the supply of innovative technology to be used for better production methods that result in cutting various costs. This shows that a technology used in business explains its chances of staying in the long run.
The central point in the series is that of a company’s ability to manage the production with complete guide and efficiency. As stated, it is not essential for a company to be extravagantly huge to become a vast leader. In short, it is necessary to maintain focus and efficiency to gain higher chances of becoming a cost leader in the domain.
One of the most critical strategies to reduce the cost rate is its control over its raw material production. In short, other companies can tend to pay a lot for raw material, while others utilizes its resources and reduces the money spent. In other words, the more an organization has access to raw material, the more it is about keeping the costs.
This strategy means getting several tasks done in lesser time. This way, the costs are reduced. Similarly, the company’s efficiency has also increased. It is evident that the less time an organization spends on the production and their tasks, the lesser the cost consumption, thus making the company an effective cost-advantaged company.
If companies implement some of these strategies, there will be more available chances as cost leadership has become more comfortable and legally enforceable.
Examples of Cost Leadership Strategy:
However, individual customers believe that the lower the cost of a product, the lower the quality, which is usually not the case as specific organizations believe in maintaining the rates and becoming the cost leaders in the market.
One of the most significant examples is Walmart, the largest retail company in the world. Studies have shown that they have maintained their prices and utilize the cost leadership theory to keep their prices low. Walmart lowered its operating cost significantly by eliminating its in-house costing by traveling in economy flights than first-class and sharing hotel rooms. Furthermore, employees are said to use minimal prices when cooling or heating buildings. The employees are also kept on lower wages and are provided with less health insurance.
Furthermore, an organization like payless is famous for this kind of strategy. They try to limit the number of employees and insurance policies and serve them to cut all sorts of operational costs. Their slogan suggests that they offer profitable quality brands at affordable prices than their competitors. This cost-cutting strategy enables them to provide a wide range of products and services at very reasonable prices.
One of the most prominent food chains, McDonald’s, applies the cost leadership theory by practicing the divisional theories by recruiting the staff and employees inexperienced and require training as usually they are recruited on a fundamental salary package reduces the in-house costs for them. This allows them to manage their costs and gain a higher number of audiences.
Reward Power refers to the incentives and benefits provided for the obedience and compliance of the organization’s targets. It is a leadership trick used to utilize employees’ capabilities by providing a reward in the form of compensation, bonuses, incentives, a salary increase, or more off days. The benefits are provided to encourage employees to perform more productively. It revitalizes the strength and productivity of performance. It multiplies the performance of the employees.
As George Herbert once said, “service without reward is punishment.” Thus,
Reward power genuinely increases the motivation level of the employees.
Human’s natural inclination toward Reward power:
Even animals such as dogs get used to the owner if the owner frequently remunerates them. Humans have a natural preference and inclination toward reward power. Their propensity toward being compensated when achieving goals makes them better performers. Besides this, if the employee outperforms themselves and excels in the performance, then the reward power seems logical and justified. Thus, humans, intrinsic nature yearns to receive compensation for their performance.
Advantages of Reward Power:
Increasing courage and motivation: The provision of reward power proves to be detrimental in increasing employee motivation and encouragement. The underachievers in the organization seeing the financial compensation provided to the achievers, eventually, get the courage to invest their wholehearted performance in outshining the others in the organization. Likewise, their greed for incentives and bonuses works as an energizer that increases the employees’ stamina.
Thus, reward power works as a full-time booster to increase the motivation of the employees.
1. Increasing contentment of the Employees:
Reward power helps increase the satisfaction and contentment of the employees. The employees feel connected to the organization. Their insecurities about being devalued and underrated tend to be diminished with the provision of the compensation system. Likewise, the employees feel financial security when reward power is used.
Their sense of joy increases, as does their satisfaction with their job. The author of the happiness project, namely Gretchen Robin, said that job satisfaction takes hold of the employee and gives them a sense of control and hold. Thus, reward power provides contentment and satisfaction to the employees of the organization.
2. Feelings of Job control to the employees :
The organization’s employees feel job security and control, while the reward power is being implemented for outperformance in the organization. Job security and control is essential when it comes to better performance. The employees get involved in the goals and objectives of the organization wholeheartedly. The employees own the objectives. And the equipment of the organization is maintained carefully because of job security. Thus, the reward power provides a sense of security to the employees.
3. Retention of the Employees :
The retention of employees minimizes the cost of the recruitment of newer staff by double. Reward power helps the organization retain employees for a longer period.
A long-term relationship between the organization and employees is thus nurtured and developed through incentives and bonuses. Thus, retention of the employees becomes easier with the provision of reward power.
4. Increasing competition in the organization:
With the provision of reward power, the organization is subjected to intense internal competition among employees.
The increased competition paves the way for innovative ideas and actions in the organization. Likewise, thinking out of the box becomes easier with bonuses and compensation. The employees work harder and compete to get more rewards for their work performance in the organization.
Besides this, the competing employees give birth to more innovative ideas in the organization. And innovative ideas help the organization grow rapidly.
Demerits of the Reward Power:
Although there are numerous advantages of the provision of reward power.
But with every advantage comes demerits as well. Following are some of the negatives of the reward system:
1. Causing resentment amongst employees:
The employees that have been blessed to receive frequent remuneration for their performance might create anguish among passive achievers. This resentment will affect productivity and undermine the abilities of the deprived staff. This anguish among the deprived staff might resultantly cause diminished motivation levels.
Thus, an equal reward power system is necessary to eliminate unjust favoritism in the organization.
2. Temporary motivation and encouragement:
The remuneration incentives in the form of reward power may become futile in the long run. The motivation may diminish with the immediate provision of the incentives. This will drastically affect the performance of organizational goals and objectives. Thus, while opting to establish a system of reward power in an organization, the boss must be prudent of the coin’s dual sides.
In a nutshell, the reward power system has endless competitive advantages to boost the productivity of the employees. One of the greater advantages of the reward power system is the birth of innovative ideas in an organization. The employees will be motivated to brainstorm ideas and solutions to problems.
The excitement towards incentives will increase the employees’ potential capabilities to present unique ideas to achieve the organization’s goals smoothly. However, the organization’s boss must be cautious enough to overlook the budget and capacity of the organization to endure frequent incentives. This will help to save time and resources cautiously.