Red herring__a fallacy of relevance
Red herring fallacy is a type of error that is used as a way of diverting people’s attention from the original topic under discussion. For this purpose, an unrelated question is introduced in the conversation. This fallacy grants an argument that may be correct but does not address the subject being discussed. It is mostly an effort to change the subject.
What are fallacies?
Fallacies are pseudo arguments;
Although they look like genuine arguments, their premises don’t support the conclusion.
These cause many people to accept or reject the claims when there are no rational grounds for doing so.
Why is it called Red herring fallacy?
There is a history behind it. This term was used by an English polemicist named William Cobbett in 1807. He went on a hunt one day. He had dogs for hunting the foxes while training his dogs. Then he put some red herring fish to distract the dogs. The result was that the dogs got distracted by the red herring fish and didn’t find the fox. At that time, a red herring fish was used to divert the hounds not to chase the foxes. That’s why this fallacy is named after that fish.
Red herring fallacy in literature:
This is something that is frequently done in a literary sense when the writer demands to divert the devotion of the reader away from the matter. It can be used as a way for the listener and the reader to draw a false conclusion from the delivering information. In literature red herring fallacy can be used by the author in mystery novels to divert the attention of the reader, so the reader remains curious till the very end. One of the essential uses of red herring fallacy in literature is to lead the reader to believe that a particular character is a suspect of a crime.
Example # 1:
To look at the global warming problem, we first consider how the homeless will suffer in the cold.
Daughter: Mom, please bring me this dress.
Mother: Dear! You know I have a surprise for you at home.
Example # 3:
Public: Sir! Why are you not reducing our Texas?
Minister: Have you seen how much uncleanliness is there in your city? Everyone is responsible for cleaning it.
Functions of Red herring fallacy:
Red herring fallacy is mostly used in conversation with the public to distract them or to change the subject to escape from a difficult situation. For politicians, red herring fallacy is a trick which they use to dodge awkward questions asked in an argument or conference. They start talking about some unrelated topic to distract the public.
It is mostly used in literature by mystery novel authors. They create suspense by using the this fallacy. This trick is used to confuse the reader, and mostly, the reader starts judging any character as the culprit, but at the end of the story, the most innocent one is usually the criminal.
How to Avoid the red herring fallacy?
The best way to avoid this herring fallacy during a conversation is by listening carefully to what the next person is talking about. Humbly and tactfully listen to the opposing party. When someone is arguing with you, you need to repeat the words which the other person is saying. Think before you speak if you find yourself caught in any red herring fallacy.
Some questions have two contradictory answers, and both answers can support your problem. Still, the real one is the only one that can accurately describe your desired answer. So humbly and tactfully notice that the opposing person is not tricking you.
But if someone uses it as a skill, it is beneficial and positive for assembly members, board members, and leaders as well. By using this herring fallacy without coming in the notice of others is somehow more powerful and enjoyable.
Every day numbers of people are born with disparate natures, tastes, opinions, and personalities. What if certain baleful or unpleasant experiences turn you out into a social outcast?
However, there is nothing wrong with that, by being a social outcast you have automatically gained some experiences and life lessons that others might never have based on what you have gone through Its nature’s rule to illuminate something unique from mundane. You are not odd; you are just distinctive.
Now You should discredit all those hurtful comments that have been flung at you over the years. And simply push them back to the back of your mind and neglect their importance while at the same time retaining the lesson taught from them. Just imagine brushing them off you like you are simply brushing off a piece of lint and go on with what your heart says. As the author says in the best-selling book, ‘the subtle art of not giving a fuck’ – “to halt your worries about this world and do what it relishes you. When something unusual happens, a good thing is born instead, just like an explosion of the earth gives birth to groovy planets.” So here you go:
“When you feel like a social outcast, it means something jubilating is rejuvenating in you.”
Take this as an opportunity from heavens to reform you to something not forgettable. Rather than weeping for something that isn’t important. A Water lily is born in debris and an unpleasant environment, but still, it turns out to be beautiful and eye-catching.
Innovation and social outcast
Being unusual is a notion of something new. Innovations always come from social outcasts. Being different can have a pleasant effect on you and others around you. To turn the life of a social outcast into a quest for meaningful innovation requires some substantial developments from the person involved.
Let me felicitate you first that, with a bit of reworking, you can shine bright like a diamond in this society. Diamond cost a lot, but these tips won’t, you just have to give a little of your heart to these. So my social outcast friend! Here you go:
- Go with your heart
- Be mindful
- Work on social skills
- Make friends for pleasure
- Find your passion
- Say your mind and heart
- Everyone is born with talent so try to find yours
- Focus on love rather than hate
- Embrace changes
- Be the first one to say hello
- Stay consistent and focused
- Spot good in others
- Stop overthinking
- Eat with your mates
- Do yoga or meditation
- Give a helping hand to others
Last but not least is to be always the one who spreads love. Pay attention to your heart more than anything around you. Your heart is a valuable diamond, so treasure it, my social outcast friend!!
Social development is the evolution and improvement in the living conditions of the individuals of society and in the relationships that these individuals maintain with each other, and with other groups and institutions that make up the social fabric of a nation.
It consists of the development of a country’s human and social capital, which encompasses aspects such as health, education, citizen security, and employment, and is only realized by reducing the levels of poverty, inequality, exclusion, isolation, and vulnerability of the groups most in need.
The State promotes social development from its different agencies and institutions, which are responsible for implementing social protection policies and programs to promote inclusion, and which are designed primarily to benefit those living in the most precarious conditions.
For this development to be possible, it is essential that there is efficient, responsible, and committed government management within a democratic framework of legality and institutional soundness that ensures its application, effectiveness, and continuity.
Thus, a country with optimal levels of social development offers its citizens a high quality of life amid a climate of peace, justice, freedom, tolerance, equality, and solidarity, as well as the possibility of meeting their needs, developing their potential, and realizing itself on a personal level.
It would become the next step in a country’s economic development; its ultimate goal is social welfare.
Social development of thought leadership
Well, that was a brief description of social development in a country or in general. But let’s have a look for the actual meaning of this development of thought leadership.
When we talk about thought leadership, it is all about being social and social development. Thought leadership is about building relationships. You too can have a great thought and you can share that with the group.
Being a thought leader is more than just being an expert in your field or area of specialization. It also requires that you are an innovator and a cutting-edge thinker.
Here are some paradoxical components of the social development of thought leadership:
● Guts to take a stand
Leaders do that. They know how to take a stand and that’s what they do to become leaders. Being a thought leader and working on social development is really important. Stop being intimidated by people and fearing them in order to build guts to take a stand.
● Isolate yourself, build focus
It seems odd to be isolating yourself when we are talking about social development. But by being a thought leader, you have to work on your skills and remain focused on your goals. So, isolate yourself and build focus. You don’t need to disappear from the world. Keep in touch with your loved ones.
● Share your life questions with like-minded people
This is the best practice for social development as a thought leader. Get in contact with like-minded people and share your life questions with them. Share your ideas and solve the problems together.
● Help other thought leaders and keep building the chain.
Leaders always become leaders when they aid their followers by teaching them something or helping them in life. Thought leadership is no different. Just try to help one person in your life, try to change his/her life. This is an amazing feeling. This will actually change your life.
● Build a platform- social development
For the social development of thought leadership, you need a platform of like-minded people. A platform where you can meet like-minded people with the same forward-thinking that you have. This will help you build new things and improve development.
● Build Trust for social development
People tend to follow the leader that has the ability to build trust. Being a thought leader is not that easy and neither it is to build trust. Trust can be built by sharing knowledge, wisdom, and insights into the expertise that you have. Guide others by using your knowledge and help them think in new ways. This will make them trust you and this is the best example of building social development.
● Deliver value
Do you know your audience? You should know, so you may able to deliver the thing that they need. You have to solve their problems and make them capable of solving their own problems. This whole process requires thought leadership and critical thinking. Prove yourself as a leader.
Perhaps you didn’t hear much about the importance of cultivating an inquisitive mind when you were in school or at work. On the contrary, you were probably told to follow a certain curriculum with no questions asked. therefore, you have unconsciously gotten used to accepting things as is without asking the vital question; why?
However, having an inquisitive mind or Curiosity can assist you in your career just like any other skill. Luckily for you, eight of those reasons will be discussed in the following paragraphs.
You will understand yourself with your inquisitive mind
An inquisitive mind will allow you to shed light on your personal questions, thoughts, and situations. It motivates you to discover the truth about the nuances of your life. When curiosity is used correctly, it will serve as a means to set personal goals, including your career goals.
As the famous philosopher, Rene Descartes once said. “cogito, ergo sum.” This translates to “I think; therefore, I am.”
You will discover the truth.
All things that seem apparent in life are not necessarily the truth. A curious person will often not trust entirely in the words of others that they will discover the truth for themselves. When you are curious, you will delve into the details, and when you finish your “detective” job, you not only know “what” or “when” but also “how.” and “why.”
You will learn more
When curiosity drives you into the unknown, you get an ever-greater amount of knowledge. You will extend the boundaries of your understanding. The more you study, the more you will want to know. Each new awareness will lead you to another more interesting challenge.
Not only will curiosity broaden your mind but it also makes the process of learning more enjoyable. By questioning things, your interest in them automatically increases which makes grasping information simpler.
You will become more efficient with inquisitive mind
Curious people look at a challenge from many angles. They explore other ways to accomplish the same task, turning mundane processes more enjoyable. The more possible solutions, the more likely they are to offer a better way to get the job done.
Furthermore, to all those people who struggle with memorizing or grasping an idea from the first time, an inquisitive mind does just that. By questioning something you brain automatically stores it. So next time you are studying or working, take a second to analyze and question what’s in front of you instead of simply memorizing it.
You will be more active.
Thinking negatively about something unknown seems much easier than seeing it positively. If you do not understand something, or it is different from what you see every day, you will quickly consider it useless or silly. Only when you genuinely understand something can you truly appreciate it.
People tend to be more positive towards things they know, and curiosity will expand a person’s vision, increasing their understanding of the things around them. Therefore, making them more of a positive person as a whole without even realizing that will lead to a motivated and active lifestyle.
You will strengthen the relationship.
A study has been done with people who have never known each other, in which they have to ask and answer questions to get to know each other. Scientists have found that people who are judged to be warm and attractive than those who show genuine curiosity during the exchange. This implies that showing curiosity towards someone is a great way to get close to them.
You become more flexible having an inquisitive mind.
When you’re curious, you don’t assume any specific answers or responses; you’re willing to listen to and absorb different ideas. This will make you more open-minded and able to communicate with everyone around you. Besides, curiosity also gives you more flexibility with uncertainty. When a stressful situation occurs at work, you will be able to handle it with less worry and be more creative. You will approach these difficult situations with a positive attitude, even fun. Or you may not have heard of this before, but curiosity is the key to effective crisis management.
You can become a leader in the future.
An inquisitive mind helps you think more broadly. You will learn about how others think and their views. Curiosity also motivates you to make friends with your peers, and the more you know about team members, the more you can drive and promote their talents. Your close connection with employees will help you build trust, leading to an open and positive working environment – where people are not afraid to speak up their ideas and creativity at work. And this is one of the essential elements of a talented leader.
In short, while we may think that curiosity is a small thing that doesn’t matter, it’s not true. Be curious! Because your career and your flexibility in an ever-changing career context can depend a lot on this strange instinct.
Assertive communication means the ability to express your rights, your feelings, and opinions or to ask for something you want or need in a positive, honest, and loving way. Even in the case of tough-love, this description applies.
We mainly feel the need of assertive communication when faced with unpleasant situations, for example:
- when we are angry, upset, or disappointed;
- when we feel we have been mistreated;
- also when we want to get something or when something bothers us;
- when we are criticized;
- when we disagree with someone;
- and when we negotiate.
Assertive communication can also be used in pleasant situations, for example:
- when we praise someone;
- when we congratulate someone for something;
- and when we receive a compliment or praise.
Contemporary praise for Assertive Communication
Assertive communication has been a trend in recent years. It was created to meet the needs of the people around us, aligned with ours, in the time and space in which we live. Today’s environment encourages gender equality; individuals are expected to contribute to the development of society, that they know how to express their views and opinions, and even more do it in such a way the idea contradicts the idea of other people.
That skill is appreciated nowadays. If we know how to communicate assertively, we can ensure that our mental health and well-being remain in excellent condition, as there is less chance of unhealthy, unresolved, and therefore untapped conflict. So what does it look like? How does Assertive Communication Sound?
Assertive Communication example?
Imagine you are in the post office and you want to send a package. You stand in line, there are four people in front of you, and there is only one open counter. Another woman comes in and asks if she can cross the line because she’s in a hurry. What is your answer?
- Good. I’m not in such a hurry.
- You know, I’m in a hurry too.
- I know it’s not pleasant to wait. But I would also like to be done quickly.
Let’s take an example from work. You have not yet completed the report, just like one of your co-workers has not managed to finish his work on time. The boss is upset and attacks you in front of all your colleagues: “It doesn’t matter, Jake. I’m just interested in whether we agreed to have the report ready by Friday or not?” In this situation, you have several options:
- We agreed.
- Yes, but Jake didn’t send me the data. How could I finish the report on time?
- I can’t answer, yes or no. However, I can explain what happened.
By giving the first response made to look small and hide yourself. If we exaggerate, we can say that you have escaped. By giving the second answer you are using weapons that you had available at that moment. Now you are ready and waiting for a counter attack. The third answer allows for a dialogue, i.e. finding a solution that will be acceptable to both parties.
Withdrawal or attack? None! Assertive Communication isn’t passive, nor aggressive
If we compare the responses listed above, we can see that the first type of reaction is typical of passive communication. We prioritize the needs, desires, or interests of others while neglecting our own needs. It causes a sense of subordination in us or a lack of self-confidence and assertiveness in the perception of others.
The second answer is of the aggressive type: we only put ourselves first and forget about others. As passive communication is often caused by low self-esteem, the same can be said for assertive communication. Someone who continually attacks someone else shows his / her impotence.
By shouting, the teacher will not earn the respect of the students. The same goes for superiors. If the manager calls the team names or sees them as incompetent and lazy without justifying it, he/she will only cause deteriorating relationships and make the results worse.
Someone who continually attacks someone else basically shows his / her impotence.
The so-called iceberg effect is often caused by aggressive communication. Let me explain. What if the person who asked you to cross the line just got a call from the school to pick up the child who got sick? Or you just lost a business deal and then miss your flight? In such situations, we react aggressively; we only show the tip of the iceberg, not what is hidden under it. The iceberg effect reminds us that aggressiveness often expresses an inner problem. Remembering that makes it easier to stay in you’re the communication style of your preference.
When the instinct is too strong
Passive and aggressive forms of communication are generally intuitive. This means that we have acted based on emotions without thinking about our actions. Both ways are common when we get an unpleasant surprise from the environment. This leads to the release of cortisone, a stress hormone. Both passive and aggressive reactions only increase cortisone secretion, which prolongs the stressful situation.
The wisdom of assertive communication
Then, you have a third way of communicating – giving a confident answer or assertive communication based on objective criteria. Never give preference to anyone, not even to yourself. Communicate with respect, kindness, with love (even when it’s tough love), and self-confidence. This will allow you to continue this constructive dialogue. Only in this way will the interlocutor be ready to explain to you why he/she asked you to do something that will allow you to decide whether or not to do what the interlocutor asked you to do.
No way this means that we should use assertive communication only with people we know. We should use it whenever we talk to someone or a group of people who are important to us.
Never give preference to anyone, not even to yourself.
Neither does this mean that we should not express our emotions when using assertive communication. Assertive communication allows the emotions and experiences of all involved to be in the connection. Assertive communications therefor requires the ability to be present with whatever is happening and your are feeling. It is not a means to hide, nor a way to always win or get your way. It is a verbal manner of establishing and maintaining a verbal connection between parties so the issue – whatever it is – can be discussed and taken the next stage.
How to use your voice and body language
An important factor in assertive communication is to have a healthy, clear and robust use of voice. The adequate sound of properly chosen words makes the latter even more powerful.
You being assertive means expressing what you feel – in words, in body language, and in sound, the use of your voice. These elements together will make your communication strong. If you say something you don’t mean, or are not so friendly inside as you want to make it sound, or say something just to please the interlocutor for mere strategic reasons, then the balance between your words, your body language, and your voice will be shaken. This will make the interlocutor think that something is wrong and mistrust the situation; in this case, he/she will always rely on what he/she sees and feels, not on what he/she hears. Body language speaks the truth because it comes from the subconscious, which makes it much more convincing than words.